Coronary Artery Disease

Coronary artery disease is the damaged major blood vessels. When the amount of cholesterol increases in your blood vessels, it forms plaques and inflammation in your coronary arteries which in turn become unable to supply blood to your heart and results in Coronary Artery Disease.

The main function of arteries is to make sure the blood flow filled with oxygen and nutrients reaches your heart. It has to supply blood to your heart for normal functioning. So the cholesterol plaques and inflammation act as barriers against the flow of blow, and the heart eventually becomes shorter of oxygen and nutrients which it normally gets through blood. 

This is not a disease that could be developed overnight or through an accident, it keeps on developing inside your body and symptoms show a little late when things start getting out of hand and a blockage occurs.

Coronary Artery Disease Symptoms:-

As we mentioned earlier it does not develop overnight and symptoms might occur late. In some people, symptoms do not even occur and they directly get a cardiac arrest. However, there are some signs which you could look for that could indicate a reduction in your blood supply.

Shortness of Breath

Shortness of breath could indicate inflammation in your arteries. Anemic patients also experience shortness of breath and there could be thousands of factors but you might feel extreme fatigue and out of breath during activity.


Angina is chest pain. When you feel pressure and pain in the middle or left side of the chest, it might mean you are having an Angina. It usually occurs in the middle or left side of the chest and sometimes comes with pain in the neck, left arms, and legs. If your blood supply is reduced you might feel this tightness and pain in your heart during an emotional or physical activity. Sometimes the pain goes away after you calm down or stop doing any physical activity.

Cardiac Arrest

Heart Attack is the main symptom of Coronary Artery Disease. It could occur with extreme fatigue, nausea, pain in the neck, shoulder, jaw, and arm, sweating, and unable to move properly. You start feeling extreme pain in your chest with an inability to function properly. A complete blockage and inflammation of your coronary arteries result in a Heart Attack. 

Seek Help

In case you or anyone around feel like having a heart attack, call for an emergency. Talk ambulance, doctor, or anyone who can quickly take you to the hospital or treat you there and then. Heart Attack is an extreme medical emergency and should be treated as quickly as possible as it has higher rates of complications.


There are many causes of Coronary Artery Disease. Lifestyle plays an important impact and it could completely get better with a healthy lifestyle. When an inner layer of the coronary artery becomes damaged and blocked, it results in Coronary Artery Disease which could be due to:-

  • Smoking
  • Having a high amount of salt in foods
  • No physical activity
  • High cholesterol
  • Stress
  • Diabetes
  • Insulin Resistance
  • Genetics

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Risk Factors:-

You could be more prone to Coronary Artery Disease if:-

Age:- As you get older, the chances of having problems increase.

Gender:- Men are more likely to get Coronary Artery Disease than women.

Diabetes:- Diabetic Patients have more risk of getting such diseases and if they do get severe complications occur and chances of survival become less.

Genetics:- If the problem of heart disease runs in family especially closer relatives and parents then it is more likely that you would get it too.

Overweight:- Being overweight could increase your chances of heart attack as obesity is itself a big health problem that gives rise to a lot of mental and physical health complications.

Smoking:- Smoking not only damages your lungs, but it can also damage you entirely from your teeth to your foot. Smoking has way more effects than just 1 and one of the main is cardiac arrest.

High Blood Pressure:- High Blood Pressure can increase your chances of coronary Artery Disease. It is one of the symptoms of it. Constant high blood pressure is not good and you should keep checking it daily to keep it normal.

High Blood Cholesterol Levels:- Every once in a while you should get your cholesterol level checked. Having high cholesterol; increases the chances of Coronary Artery Disease.

Unhealthy Lifestyle:- You are more prone to heart diseases with an unhealthy lifestyle. Eating and sleeping at the wrong hours, after too late or after too early, and having rough sleep patterns, salty and oily foods can increase your chances of being dominated by heart diseases.

No Physical Activity:- People who have no physical activity tend to get more heart diseases. Heart patients are therefore advised to walk daily and try to be active in their daily life.

Preventions and Precautions:-

With a better lifestyle, you can defeat any disease yet alone coronary Artery disease.

  • Try to eat less spicy and oily foods. Fresh vegetables and fruits are necessary. Eat with a proper routine and don’t give too short or long breaks between your mealtimes. Keep your weight in a normal range. Being overweight or underweight is not healthy.
  • Drink a lot of water at least 8 glasses daily.
  • Sleep at the appropriate time. 6 to 8 hours of sleep is necessary for a healthy lifestyle.
  • Be as much physically active as possible. Walk daily and sports would be better too.
  • Don’t stay indoors all the time. Take out time for yourself and go in the open air for some time and fresh air.
  • Get your blood and cholesterol levels in check.
  • Don’t take unnecessary stress in everything. Let go of the things and try to be emotionally strong.
  • Quit smoking gradually could lead to a better lifestyle.
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Hey, Noor here. Just a passionate student sharing bits of her life, currently studying to become a languages interpreter from NUML. Passionate about words, writings, and languages regarding trends, technology, social media, food, and simply anything from everything.


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